While Hitler’s power based on his immense popularity, however, nazi uniforms was absolute, anti-Semitism permeated all areas of public life. Numerous Germans were ready in innumerable detail matters “counteract the Guide”, by they participated voluntarily in the prosecution of neighbors or competitors – whether now for ideological reasons or because they simply wanted to have a better flat or else a material benefit at the expense of Jews.
Vigorous anti-Semitic initiatives were often key to promotions, careers, prosperity and power. After the war had even begun, the mistreatment of Jews (and other so-called “sub-humans”) went hand in hand with the mentalities of the Conqueror, the representatives of the “master race” or “Higher culture”. Sponsored by incessant propaganda, not least within the Wehrmacht, the hatred of the Bolsheviks could mix up too easily with radical anti-Semitism, to bring about an always more broadly increasing participation in the policy of genocide after 1941.
As the fighting chance turned, defeats and disasters were increasing, the basis of Hitler’s “charismatic leadership” was quickly undermined. The decline of its popularity was a 1941 with the first Russian winter of the war. Since the disaster of Stalingrad 1943 his Nimbus collapsed dramatically.
After the 20 July 1944 – occurred under the significant influence of the propaganda – a short resurgence of sympathy for Hitler. Although surprising reserves in popularity were left and known the ‘Hitler myth’ under the dahinschwindenden crowd of Hitler faithful and-Fanatiker, which had burned their boats behind him already for a long time, still very weak remnants were left from the bonds between the German people and Hitler nazi uniforms at the time of his death on 30 April 1945.
The mentalities, had produced a Hitler, were not as quick to executing. As the American occupying forces in October
opinion polls conducted in 1945 in Darmstadt, they found that almost half of the surveyed younger Germans longed for “a strong leader” of their country again should save. Even after the revelations of the Nuremberg trials said – according to American and British surveys – still every second German Nazism had been a good idea, but poorly carried out.
Allensbach surveys showed in the summer of 1952, that a third of the population had a “good opinion” of Hitler. About 10 percent found, he was the greatest statesman of the century, the true magnitude of which will later be recognised. Another 22 percent argued that Hitler did “some mistakes” while an excellent head of State nazi uniforms had been made, however. The attempt on his life on 20 July 1944 was rejected by about one-third.
Only in the 1960s, when the “economic miracle” had turned Germany into a wealthy, successful and stable democracy, Hitler’s posthumous fell hopelessly to a minimal level of support for Nazism. But even at that time a third of the population thought that Hitler would have been one of the largest German statesmen of all time, had not been there the war.
Perhaps was the resurgence of interest in Hitler in the seventies, as nazi uniforms was in the “Hitler wave”, 1979 / 80 at together with domestic political upheavals to the result of a survey in West Germany. At that time about one in seven voters responded to the following statement approvingly: “We will have again a leader, ruled Germany with strong hand.”