Transform artwork could be the English interpretation from the German born entartete Kunst, an expression used through the Nazi plan throughout Germany to spell out almost all modern-day artwork. This kind of art ended up being restricted for the reason it ended up being un-German as well as Jewish Bolshevist as the name indicated, and those identified as turn performers ended up afflicted by actions against. Such as getting ignored coming from teaching opportunities, staying unacceptable showing or to promote their particular art, and in some cases being banned to produce art work fully. Transform Artwork have also been your subject of an exhibit, installed by the Nazis within Munich inside 1937, made up of modernist works of art chaotically hung and accompanied by wording labeling deriding the particular art. Made to inflame public view towards modernism, the exhibit therefore moved to several additional metropolitan areas inside Germany along with Sweden. While modern day varieties of artwork ended up banned, the particular Nazis promoted pictures as well as figurines which were traditional in method which exalted the actual “blood and also soil” beliefs involving racial purity, militarism, and behavior. In the same way, audio has been likely to be tonal along with free from any jazz music affects; motion pictures along with plays ended up censored.
Acquittal for Turkish author Selek
A bombing and alleged torture allegations: An Istanbul court has acquitted the Turkish writer who lives in Germany Pinar Selek – for the third time in the brief overview.
The Turkish woman living in Germany, Pinar Selek has been acquitted by a Turkish court again on charges of involvement in an attack in Istanbul. The audit opinion to be confirmed by a higher court. It is selective third acquittal in the now 13-year case.
”. We are all witnesses, we are waiting for justice” is written on their signs: Supporters of Pinar Selek demonstreiren before the Istanbul courthouse. (? AFP)
The 40-year-old was accused of helping Kurdish rebels. In 1998, an explosion in Istanbul’s historic spice bazaar, seven people died, more than 120 people were injured. Turkish authorities are still divided on whether the explosion actually a bomb or a gas leak was caused.
The Schrifstellerin and sociologist insists, during the two years being tortured in police custody. Also a co-defendant husband testified to have selectivity charged only under torture. She was allowed to temporarily leave Turkey and now lives in Germany. The verdict they had not traveled to their homeland.
Moscow wants to move the UN Security Council on a trip to the Middle East, Liberia’s ex-dictator Taylor boycotted further trial before the Special Tribunal in The Hague and Thailand’s prime minister has asked for early elections this spring on the way: Read the following pages more short messages.
“With Mr. Westerwelle I have nothing, absolutely nothing”
SZ: So you were a reason for your parents go on living?
Friedman: They were living their own life course. But surely, my life was young, in this life or dreams could be realized, they no longer had. My mother was 16 when she came into the ghetto.
SZ: When did you feel so responsible for your parents, you could argue with them then?
Friedman: I’m with my father fought constantly and discussed, even as a small child. Here I was, but always loved. Even after a big trouble I never went to bed without a goodnight kiss. This is one of my best experiences that I consume today. And so I’m not afraid of conflict.
SZ: Caring love is probably not that what most Germans associate with you. The TV presenter Friedman is known as a provocateur.
Friedman: Oh, this is a German desire for consensus and helplessness while a convenience, not having to exert himself mentally. This leads to nothing, the dissent is the wonder of life and positive, because dissent caused by question marks.
SZ: You understand, if people perceive you as annoying?
SZ: But you said once yourself: Of course I nerve lot of people.
Friedman: But I find nothing bad nerves. I think it’s more of a suggestion, someone to sleep in an encounter.
SZ: What do you do at all in the CDU? With your suits and the gel in their hair, you look like a corporate lawyer from the FDP.
Friedman: That’s an insult! With Mr. Westerwelle I have nothing, absolutely nothing.
SZ: As a student you have provoked, by suit in the seventies wore loose.
Friedman: I liked that I came from Paris, I am a very aesthetic person, I enjoy and like to experiment. And my adaptability is underdeveloped.
SZ: We are just in front of the scene: all in parkas and long hair on the playground, you have a suit and a briefcase …
Friedman: … and I smell of perfume. I was nevertheless elected to the student speaker. Authenticity, there’s trouble, but also believe. Also: Much more difficult it was to feel that in the view of teachers, students, then parents differently. Because I am a Jew. Who bears it, he’s got no problem to wear a suit.
SZ: How much money do you spend actually in the tanning salon?
Friedman: Less than you think! I am often in southern France.
Wie die Dinge wirklich sind
Die Demokratie Gaddafis besteht aus Basisvolksr?ten, in denen die gesamte Bev?lkerung zusammentritt und ihre Beschlüsse über Regionalr?te an einen eigentlich regierenden Generalvolkskongress weiterreicht. Details über das Funktionieren eines solchen Systems führt der Verfasser nicht an: Die Idee auf dem Papier muss ausreichender Beweis für den Genius des Revolutionsführers sein. Er verspricht ein bald schon anbrechendes Zeitalter der Massen, das nur deshalb noch nicht verwirklicht sei, weil “in der Realit?t immer die Starken herrschen. Der st?rkere Teil der Gesellschaft regiert”, hadert Gaddafi am Ende. Die Libyer erfahren dies gerade schmerzlich. ww2 uniforms waffen ss uniform german wwii uniforms
Die Schwarzen, so schreibt Gadaffi, “betreiben bei st?ndig hei?em Wetter Mü?iggang”. (? dpa)
Interessant ist auch, was Gaddafi über die Rollen von Mann und Frau denkt. “Frauen?rzte sagen, dass Frauen jeden Monat menstruieren, M?nner aber nicht. (…) Wenn eine Frau nicht menstruiert, ist sie schwanger”, schreibt er. Ah ja. Dazu komme dann noch das Stillen nach der Entbindung. Aus all dem wird abgeleitet, dass es frauen- und m?nnerspezifische Arbeit gebe und der Lebensmittelpunkt der Frau die Erziehung der Kinder sein müsse.
Hieran ist bei Gaddafi nicht zu rütteln, alles andere sei Zwang gegen die Natur der Frau, Verhütung sei fast so etwas wie Mord – und selbst Kinderg?rten seien widernatürlich und nicht besser als “Hühnermastbetriebe”. Es folgen blumigste Ausführungen zur Natur des weiblichen Wesens, die nicht nur Feministinnen Schauer über den Rücken jagen k?nnen.
Eine Auswahl: “M?nnliche Tiere und Pflanzen sind von Natur aus kr?ftig und robust. Die Weibchen dagegen sind bei Pflanzen, Tieren und Menschen sch?n und sanftmütig. Das sind natürliche und ewige Tatsachen, die allen Lebewesen angeboren sind, seien es Menschen, Tiere oder Pflanzen.” Frauen sind “genau wie Blumen, die dazu geschaffen sind, mit Pollen best?ubt zu werden und Samen zu erzeugen”.
Gegen Ende des Buches folgt noch eine nur sehr kurz ausgeführte These, die besonders bizarr wirkt, bedenkt man, dass ein libyscher Herrscher sie formuliert hat, der den Panafrikanismus für sich entdeckte und sich 2008 zum “King of Kings of Africa” kr?nen lie?: Als Antwort auf die Versklavung durch die Wei?en werden die der Schwarzen schon bald “die Welt beherrschen”.
Die Begründung dafür macht dann aber doch sprachlos: Die Schwarzen lebten allesamt so rückst?ndig, schreibt Gaddafi weiter, dass sie permanent heirateten und keine Familienplanung betrieben, die Folge dieses Verhaltens sei eine ungehemmte Vermehrung. Und Zeit dazu h?tten sie auch, denn im Gegensatz zu anderen Rassen “betreiben sie bei st?ndig hei?em Wetter Mü?iggang”.
Zum Abschluss des Buches kommt dann noch ein antiautorit?rer Gaddafi zu Wort. Man dürfe Schülern, so hei?t es im Abschnitt über Bildung, in der Schule keine F?cher aufzwingen, die sie nicht wollten, und Sportveranstaltungen zum Zuschauen seien auch abzulehnen, denn Sport müsse von den Massen selbst betrieben werden. Aber das werden die Menschen schon noch lernen, denn es gilt Gaddafis Fazit: “Unwissenheit wird es dann nicht mehr geben, wenn alles so dargestellt wird, wie es tats?chlich ist und das Wissen darüber jedem Menschen in einer Weise zur Verfügung steht, die zu ihm passt.”
Und der Revolutionsführer wird schon wissen, wie die Dinge wirklich sind. Einer, der sich selbst zum Revolutionsführer gemacht hat, dann auch noch die Theorie zu seiner Revolution liefert und über 40 Jahre lang regiert, der tritt nicht ab. Er kann in seinem Gr??enwahn nicht mehr zwischen sich und seinem Land unterscheiden.
They beat and kicked him
It came together a lot. Nicolas Sarkozy was in Israel for the first time as president, and even in faraway Jerusalem on an official visit, the President was regularly over the fate of a minor Jewish boys teach the doctors fought for his life in Paris, H?pital Cochin.
“I say probably, I’m not sure”: Gilles Bernheim, future Chief Rabbi of Paris. (? Photo: AFP)
Rudy H., 17 years old, half dead from a Maghreb-African youth gang, to have been beaten into a coma. That was, not coincidentally, on Saturday, the Sabbath. The President in Jerusalem expressed “deep disgust”.
Even Gilles Bernheim, the future chief rabbi of France, who had been elected the day after the Jewish Consistory, has expressed concern over the fate of young Jews. He pray that he will survive without permanent damage. Unlike the majority of Jewish rabbis spokesman was cautious at first. He considered it “likely”, he said that the act was motivated anti-Semitic, “I say probably, I’m not sure.”
The data are contradictory. It appears certain that the 17-year-old in the Rue Petit 19th Arrondissement of a band of dark-skinned teenager was attacked. He was wearing a kippa, was therefore easily recognizable as a Jew. Like so many Jews did, the new grand rabbi had this experience: “With my hat and my beard easily recognize me I’m frequently accused of being ‘dirty Jew’ was..” Therefore, he advises the faithful, like its predecessor, the Jewish caps instead prefer to wear a less showy hat.
The evidence is open
H. Rudy was a policeman suspected “easy prey” because many Jews who continued to defend otherwise, on the Sabbath remained passive. Anyway, it should have been a half dozen that are sold out at the boy. He may have had, unlike some of his friends, unable to flee.
They beat and kicked him, some with both feet on the jumping around lying on the ground. Between them finally went to the concierge of an apartment block on the Rue Petit. Others have testified that it was an African woman who einschrie on young people, finally quit. Meanwhile, five suspects have been arrested.
“I could never hate”
The Nazis murdered his family, he himself survived Auschwitz. Since reports Max Mannheimer tirelessly over the horrors of the Holocaust. Now the famous witness is 90 years old.
Federal President Horst K?hler has written to him admiring words, the Social Democrat Hans-Jochen Vogel also. Munich’s mayor Christian Ude has come on Thursday the same even in the house of the Jewish community at the St. Jakobs-Platz.
Max Mannheimer has survived the horrors of Auschwitz concentration camp. Later he became one of the most famous contemporaries in Germany. (? photo: AP)
In the evening, according to the eulogy at the Auschwitz survivor Max Mannheimer, he makes his son Ernst But probably the biggest compliment. Almost empty at the dinner table to the 90th Birthday of his father, he says: “In his kindness and human warmth, I was always safe.”
Max Mannheimer is this sense of security even in the night of 1 2nd February 1943, four days before his 23rd Birthday, has been brutally taken. At the ramp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, he sees his mother Margaret for the last time The father, sister and his first wife Eva have been gassed by the SS.
A short time later, the Germans murdered his brothers Eric and Ernst. Only Max and his brother Edgar survive – they come to Warsaw to Dachau, 1945 be transferred to Mühldorf and 30 April 1945 by freed American troops.
Mannheimer weighs 34 kilograms and is near death. After his recovery he returned to his Moravian home town Neutitschein whose honorary citizen he is today, and vows to enter the land of the perpetrators never more.
One love because he still goes to Germany in November 1946. He must recognize that anti-Semitism has not disappeared with the war, and the mourning for the dead overshadowed his life.
Firmly rooted in Judaism
Knows all his companion Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany. It also says her agitated eyes as she stands in Mannheim on Thursday evening with the Ohel Jakob Medal for his contributions to building the Jewish community.
“I’m not a synagogue-goers,” Mannheimer says, “but firmly rooted in Judaism.” For decades, he uses his power to ensure that the Murdered Jews will not forget.
Today Max Mannheimer, since 1988 Chairman of the Dachau camp community and vice-president of the International Dachau Committee, to the best-known contemporaries in Germany. His voice carries weight.
As the first Federal President Horst K?hler will be the 65th in April Anniversary of the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp talk. Mannheim has invited him. “I’m not a prosecutor but as a witness of the time,” he says. This makes it easy for the people, and his charm and humor, hardly anyone resists anyway.
That was not always so. For many years, has been silent Mannheim. In a severe life crisis after the death of his wife in 1964 he wrote everything – for the 17-year-old daughter. 20 years later, his “Late Diary” and published in many languages, translated into Japanese in 2009.
The book rolls up his life completely around. Thousands of students he has since told his story. With the detailed knowledge of a historian, he explains to them about anti-Semitism and Nazi dictatorship. The young people like him in Mühldorf they want to name a school after him.
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Perpetrators and victims of the Auschwitz concentration camp
Mannheimer says: “I could never hate.” This is how his son would put it, the power of love in it too strongly.
Neo-Nazis in the “Promised Land”
Every year it comes to Israel in about 500 anti-Semitic attacks. The perpetrators are mostly immigrant Russians. The authorities only speak generally of “vandalism”.
Lewin would not dream of Abraham thought that he just beat up in Israel anti-Semitic skinheads. But that is exactly what happened to the rabbi, a few weeks ago, when he was in a suburb of Tel Aviv on the way home. “They have thrown themselves at me, beat me and insulted my mother in Russian,” says Lewin.
Although he had broken his arm, “but God has saved my life,” says the 38-year-old. At worst, he’d find it, that the gang verbally abused him as a “Shid” have. “If I call someone in Russia ‘Shid’ would, I would beat him. How can anyone do to Israel?”
Shid is a Russian epithet for Jew, and Lewin is not the only one who just gets in the Jewish state to do with anti-Semites, like Salman Gilitschenski says. The ultra-Orthodox Jew Dmir heads the center, the anti-Semitic incidents and attacks in the eye and has supported the victims. Would have been the 90s in Israel perpetrated attacks on Jews, and in most cases the perpetrators were from the former Soviet republics, said Gilitschinski.
Israel’s immigration ministry, settled after the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 90s more than a million immigrants settled in Israel. Israeli law grants them the right to “return” because they, their parents or their grandparents are Jewish, as Gilitschinski says. It would be more than 300,000 of them consider themselves not as Jews.
Several hundred neo-Nazis
In their homeland, the former Soviet republics, these people would have gotten a bad image of the Jews, because there was particularly strong anti-Semitism, says Gilitschinski. So let it be explained that in almost every Israeli city “a few dozen enemies of the Jews” survived. “All in all, there are several hundred neo-Nazis in Israel.”
The center Dmir recorded in the five hundred incidents, such as the head of the institution says. But the Israeli authorities in those attacks looked the other way. “Israel is so quick at hand to criticize anti-Semitism abroad. To anti-Semitism in their own country, it says nothing.”
In fact, mention neither the police nor the judiciary to have the Interior Ministry figures. In the case of Lewin, the police investigation, the one without the perpetrators were caught – the attack on the rabbi was “an isolated incident.”
In Israeli law is not anti-Semitism once banned, says Gilitschinski – namely, the deputies would have previously can not imagine that it could be counted in the state of the Jews to come. “We do not even have the option of an incident in Israel to be defined as anti-Semitic,” says a Justice Department employee who does not want to be named. “It all falls under the general term vandalism.”
The worst incident so far dates back to May 2005: At that time, unknown perpetrators devastated the synagogue of Petah Tikva, a suburb of Tel Aviv, and left anti-Semitic graffiti. The same month, police arrested one sowjetischst?mmigen soldiers, who had a Nazi symbol tattooed into his arm, and said that he hated Jews. Shortly afterwards, had to answer for themselves, another soldier. He had asked the first Israeli neo-Nazi site on the Internet, which contained, among other things, a link to the text of Adolf Hitler’s “Mein Kampf”. The man was sentenced to 200 hours of community service.
“Magna Charta of a whole nation”
Here rabbis commenting on the document: “What began as a private letter, as one man’s opinion was, 22 years later, the Magna Charta of an entire nation and led to the almost complete annihilation of the Jewish people.” Therein lies “an important lesson for future generations,” Here. “Demagogues mean what they say, and if they can, they argue, what they promise.”
“Absolutely not race and religion” – in “Gemlich Letter” is already clear what Hitler transposed after his takeover, finally into real politics. (? AP)
When Hitler wrote the letter, he was the public still largely unknown, but showed initial interest in politics. When returning from the First World War he served in a propaganda unit of the German army should fight the communist influences. His superior officer, Captain Karl Mayr, had ordered him to respond to the request Gemlich. The soldier wanted to know what position the army had concerning the “Jewish question”.
Hitler’s answer came to anti-Semitic diatribe in which he referred to Jews as “pure materialists.” For the nation they were like tuberculosis. The letter also contains already the idea of ??dealing with the Jews not to act emotionally, but through planned government action. “Anti-Semitism on purely emotional reasons, his last expression is found in the form of pogroms, anti-Semitism of reason, however, must lead to systematic legal reduction and elimination of the privileges of the Jews which he has, unlike the other foreigners living among us, “wrote Hitler.
The font should be permanently in the “Museum of Tolerance” in Los Angeles showed the entrance to the Holocaust Department, on 11 Opened in July. The Simon Wiesenthal Center even has a self-reported the largest historical collections of the Nazi extermination of Jews. Among the holdings include 50,000 documents, photographs, diaries and artwork.
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Exhibition on the Nazi era
The “Gemlich-letter” the organization said to have been offered as early as 1988, but at the time of purchase still shrink. For the drafting of the lines with a typewriter could be the origin of the letter appear dubious. A typewriter was in 1919 a valuable object that Hitler could have possessed at that time impossible. The doubts had vanished, however, so here, as it became known that Hitler was working for the Army and had access to their typewriters. The State Archives in Munich has an unsigned copy of the letter.
It was murder
Meanwhile, bought the National Archives Baden-Wuerttemberg to a further testament to the centuries of anti-Semitism in Germany. This is a key document from the trial of the Jewish Council of Finance Joseph Suess Oppenheimer from 1737. The case was one of the great judicial killings in history. Later, the material under the title Jud Suess was dealt with in literature and the Nazis used to mount a propaganda film.
Letter from the Gemlich Hitler: “Anti-Semitism of reason, however, must lead to the reduction and elimination of pl?nm?ssigen legal privileges of the Jews which he has, unlike the other foreigners living among us.” (? AP)
Stuttgart moved into the archive Oppenheimer’s defense, which apparently came from the estate of a judge involved in the process, a Berlin auction house.
Historians see it as proof that the judges in no way legally with the various allegations against the consultant Karl Alexander of Württemberg Duke grappled before him for “people perpetrated on men and damnable abuse ‘condemned to death on the gallows.
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The Liberation of Auschwitz
The end of the Holocaust
At that time, thousands had flocked to the citizens of Stuttgart Pragsattel to witness the horrible spectacle. His body was dangling in a cage for six years on display in order to prevent an honorable burial.
Letter shows the young Hitler hate Jews
As early as 1919, Adolf Hitler rant about the systematic “removal of the Jews.” The Simon Wiesenthal Center has now published the first written evidence of the terrible anti-Semitism of Hitler – hatred that culminated in the Holocaust.
It is a document of horror: In a letter written in 1919, Adolf Hitler demanded six years before the publication of his book Mein Kampf, a “removal of the Jews.” The diatribe, the Simon Wiesenthal Center has now bought.
”Yours sincerely, Adolf Hitler.” In his letter to the soldiers, the future dictator Adolf Gemlich speaks out in 1919 for the systematic removal of Jews by the state. (? AP)
The four typewritten and signed by Hitler handwritten pages are “the most important historical document that the Simon Wiesenthal Center ever purchased,” I said the head of the U.S. Holocaust Research Center, Rabbi Marvin Hier. In the letter if it were believed to be the first written evidence of the anti-Semitic sentiments of Hitler.
The center paid for the document, according to Hiers $ 150,000 (103,000 €) to a private dealer for historical objects. A U.S. soldier should have taken the paper in 1945 from a Nazi archive at Nuremberg.
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Art Stage Singapore
Hitler and the latest rumor
Written in the German military on a typewriter letter dated 16 September 1919, Hitler responds to the question of the equally nationalistic soldier Adolf Gemlich by his attitude toward Judaism. Here, the then 30-year-old Hitler already very clear: Occasional pogroms were not enough, the ultimate goal must be “irrevocable removal of the Jews altogether.”